Dr. Janice Rattray



School of Nursing and Health Sciences
11 Airlie Place, Dundee,

Phone Number:

+(44) 01382 388534

Email Address:



My clinical and academic career has been in acute and critical care nursing.  I spent a number of years working within intensive care before moving to education.  This was initially as a clinical nurse teacher and then subsequently as  a lecturer in nursing when the profession was incorporated into higher education.  As a lecturer I contributed to a range of subject areas within undergraduate and postgraduate curricula, developed and led modules, all of which aligned to acute and critical care.  My PhD which I completed in 2002, assessed quality of life in critical care survivors.  This work has led to a number of national and international studies in this area and for example we have evaluated the effectiveness of a nurse led follow-up service,  a generic healthcare assistant role.  I have published widely in this area and collaborate with colleagues nationally and internationally. 


The focus of my research is recovery and rehabilitation after critical illness.  It has had impact through the provision of services for intensive care survivors, and increased our understanding of the consequences of critical illness. It has generated intervention development and design prior to and after hospital discharge through the implementation of a generic healthcare assistant role, a nurse-led follow-up clinic, and establishing a patient led support group.  Most recent work includes the development of a pathway to reduce risk of hospital readmission.  With colleagues from Edinburgh, we received the Chief Nurse (Scotland) award for Impact in 2017.  I supervise a number of PhD students.

Wider professional activities

External examiner BSc Hon Nursing, SAAD College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia (programme in collaboration with the University of Ulster).

Regularly review grant applications for a range of funding bodies.

Editorial Board member for Nursing in Critical Care &  Australian Critical Car

Review for a range of journals.


Support Masters’ dissertation students.

Current funding



Jones M, Williams B, Rattray J, MacGillivray S, Baldie D, Abubakari A-R, Coyle J, Mackie S, McKenna E. 2018 Assessing person-centredness: Developing the updated Valuing Patients as Individuals Scale (uVPAIS) for use in an adult, acute hospital setting using Exploratory Factor Analysis.  Journal of Clinical Nursing. 27 pp 65-76.

Mitchell M, Kean S, Rattray J, Hull A, Davis C, Murfield J, Aitken L,  2017 Feasibility and Acceptability of a Family Delivered Multicomponent Non-Pharmacological Intervention to Reduce Delirium in Hospitalized ICU Patients: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing (40) pp 77-84.

Aitken L, Rattray J, Kenardy J, Hull A, Ullman A, Le Brocque R, Davies C, Castillo I, McFarlane B. 2017 Perspectives of patients and family members regarding psychological support using intensive care diaries: an exploratory mixed methods study.’ Journal of Critical Care. 28 pp263-268

Kean S, Salisbury L, Rattray J, Walsh T, Huby G, Ramsay P, 2017 'ICU Survivorship' - a constructivist grounded theory of surviving critical illness’. Journal of Clinical Nursing.26, 3111-3124, doi:10.0000/jocn.13659.

Walsh T, Salisbury L, Donaghy E, Ramsay P, Lee R, Rattray J, Lone N. 2016 Preventing early unplanned hospital readmission after critical illness (PROFILE): Protocol and analysis framework for a mixed methods study. BMJ Open2016;6:e012590.doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012590.

Ramsay P, Salisbury L, Rattray J, et al 2016 Patient and carer experience of hospital-based rehabilitation from Intensive Care to hospital discharge: a mixed methods comparative analysis of the RECOVER trial BMJ Open: 6:e012041.doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012041.

What is the relationship between elements of ICU treatment and memories after discharge in adult ICU survivors? Aitken, L. M., Castillo, M. I., Ullman, A., Engström, Å., Cunningham, K. & Rattray, J. Feb 2016 In : Australian Critical Care. 29, 1, p. 5-14 10 p.

What is the mechanism effect that links social support to coping and psychological outcome within individuals affected by prostate cancer?: Real time data collection using mobile technology Paterson, C., Jones, M., Rattray, J., Lauder, W. & Nabi, G. Apr 2016 In : European Journal of Oncology Nursing. 8 p.

After critical care: Patient support after critical care. A mixed method longitudinal study using email interviews and questionnaires Pattison, N., O'Gara, G. & Rattray, J. Aug 2015 In : Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 31, 4, p. 213-222 10 p.

Intensive care diaries to promote recovery for patients and families after critical illness: a Cochrane Systematic Review Ullman, A. J., Aitken, L. M., Rattray, J., Kenardy, J., Le Brocque, R., MacGillivray, S. & Hull, A. M. Jul 2015 In : International Journal of Nursing Studies. 52, 7, p. 1243-1253 11 p.

Increased hospital-based physical rehabilitation and information provision after intensive care unit discharge: the RECOVER randomized clinical trial Walsh, T. S., Salisbury, L. G., Merriweather, J. L., Boyd, J. A., Griffith, D. M., Huby, G., Kean, S., Mackenzie, S. J., Krishan, A., Lewis, S. C., Murray, G. D., Forbes, J. F., Smith, J., Rattray, J. E., Hull, A. M., Ramsay, P. & for the RECOVER Investigators Jun 2015 In : JAMA Internal Medicine. 175, 6, p. 901-910 10 p.

Identifying the self-management behaviours performed by prostate cancer survivors: a systematic review of the evidence Paterson, C., Jones, M., Rattray, J. & Lauder, W. 9 Mar 2015 In : Journal of Research in Nursing. 20, 2, p. 96-111 16 p.

Diaries for recovery from critical illness Ullman, A. J., Aitken, L. M., Rattray, J., Kenardy, J., Le Brocque, R., MacGillivray, S. & Hull, A. M. 9 Dec 2014 In : Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 12, 43 p., CD010468

Life after critical illness: an overview Rattray, J. Mar 2014 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 23, 5-6, p. 623-33 11 p.

A rehabilitation intervention to promote physical recovery following intensive care: a detailed description of construct development, rationale and content together with proposed taxonomy to capture processes in a randomised controlled trial RECOVER trial collaboration 29 Jan 2014 In : Trials. 15, 18 p., 38

The use of diaries in psychological recovery from intensive care Aitken, L. M., Rattray, J., Hull, A., Kenardy, J. A., Le Brocque, R. & Ullman, A. J. 18 Dec 2013 In : Critical Care . 17, 6, 253

Exploring the relationship between coping, social support and health-related quality of life for prostate cancer survivors: A review of the literature Paterson, C., Jones, M., Rattray, J. & Lauder, W. Dec 2013 In : European Journal of Oncology Nursing. 17, 6, p. 750-759 10 p.

Diaries for recovery from critical illness Ullman, A. J., Aitken, L. M., Rattray, J., Kenardy, J., Le Brocque, R., MacGillivray, S. & Hull, A. M. 30 Apr 2013 In : Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 4, CD010468

People's experiences of being mechanically ventilated in an ICU: A qualitative study Engstrom, A., Nystrom, N., Sundelin, G. & Rattray, J. 1 Apr 2013 In : Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 29, 2, p. 88-95 8 p.

Competing interests declared: early interventions and long-term psychological outcomes Hull, A. M. & Rattray, J. 2013 In : Critical Care . 17, 1, 3 p., 111

Measuring patient-centredness in healthcare: Development of the Valuing Patients as Individuals Scale (VPAIS) Jones, M., Williams, B., Baldie, D. & Rattray, J. 2013 In : Psychology and Health. 28, S1, p. 110-110 1 p.

Promoting the health, safety and welfare of adults with learning disabilities in acute care settings: a structured literature review Bradbury-Jones, C., Rattray, J., Jones, M. & MacGillivray, S. 2013 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 22, 11-12, p. 1497-1509 13 p.

A longitudinal qualitative exploration of healthcare and informal support needs among survivors of critical illness: the RELINQUISH protocol Ramsay, P., Huby, G., Rattray, J., Salisbury, L. G., Walsh, T. S. & Kean, S. 2012 In : BMJ Open. 2, 4, e001507

A randomised controlled trial evaluating a rehabilitation complex intervention for patients following intensive care discharge: the RECOVER study Walsh, T. S., Salisbury, L. G., Boyd, J., Ramsay, P., Merriweather, J., Huby, G., Forbes, J., Rattray, J. Z., Griffith, D. M., Mackenzie, S. J., Hull, A., Lewis, S. & Murray, G. D. 2012 In : BMJ Open. 2, 4, e001475

Person-centred care in intensive care: a myth or reality? Rattray, J. & McKenna, E. 2012 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 17, 5, p. 225-6 2 p.

Indicators of acute deterioration in adult patients nursed in acute wards: a factorial survey Rattray, J. E., Lauder, W., Ludwick, R., Johnstone, C., Zeller, R., Winchell, J., Myers, E. & Smith, A. Mar 2011 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 20, 5-6, p. 723-732 10 p.

Developing clinical researchers in critical care: a Scottish experience Rattray, J. 2010 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 15, 2, p. 45-46 2 p.

Life after critical illness: 'Known knowns' and 'Known unknowns' Rattray, J. 2010 In : Australian Critical Care. 23, 4, p. 174-175 2 p.

Patients' perceptions of and emotional outcome after intensive care: results from a multicentre study Rattray, J., Crocker, C., Jones, M. & Connaghan, J. 2010 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 15, 2, p. 86-93 8 p.

Reviewing Research Evidence for Nursing Practice: systematic reviews Rattray, J. Apr 2009 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 18, 7, p. 1081-1081 1 p.

2020-Clinical Academic Careers: implications for critical care nursing Smith, M. C. & Rattray, J. 2009 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 14, 1, p. 2-3 2 p.

The PRaCTICal study of nurse led, intensive care follow-up programmes for improving long term outcomes from critical illness: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial Cuthbertson, B. H., Rattray, J., Campbell, M. K., Gager, M., Roughton, S., Smith, A., Hull, A., Breeman, S., Norrie, J., Jenkinson, D., Hernandez, R., Johnston, M., Wilson, E., Waldmann, C. & PRaCTICaL Study Grp 2009 In : BMJ. 339, p. - 8 p., b3723

Emotional outcome after intensive care: literature review Rattray, J. E. & Hull, A. M. Oct 2008 In : Journal of Advanced Nursing. 64, 1, p. 2-13 12 p.

Acute and critical care clinical nurse specialists: synergy for best practices Rattray, J. Jul 2008 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 17, 14, p. 1959-1959 1 p.

Commentary: Jackson JC et al. (2007). Post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms following critical illness in medical intensive care unit patients: assessing the magnitude of the problem Rattray, J. 2008 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 13, 4, p. 215-217 3 p.

Health-related and individual quality of life after intensive care: a literature review Rattray, J. 2008 In : Care of the Critically Ill. 24, 1, p. 24-29 6 p.

Short- and long-term impact of critical illness on relatives: literature review Paul, F. & Rattray, J. 2008 In : Journal of Advanced Nursing. 62, 3, p. 276-292 17 p.

Models for developing young nurse researchers: a discussion Rattray, J. E. & Taylor, J. Jun 2007 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 16, 6, p. 997-999 3 p.

Predictors of academic performance in a cohort of pre-registration nursing students McCarey, M., Barr, T. & Rattray, J. May 2007 In : Nurse Education Today. 27, 4, p. 357-364 8 p.

Essential elements of questionnaire design and development Rattray, J. & Jones, M. C. Feb 2007 In : Journal of Clinical Nursing. 16, 2, p. 234-243 10 p.

The intensive care follow-up clinic: current provision and future direction? Rattray, J. & Crocker, C. 1 Jan 2007 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 12, 1, p. 1-3 3 p.

A pragmatic randomised, controlled trial of intensive care follow up programmes in improving longer-term outcomes from critical illness. The PRACTICAL study Cuthbertson, B. H., Rattray, J., Johnston, M., Wildsmith, T., Wilson, E., Hernandez, R., Ramsey, C., Hull, A. M., Norrie, J. & Campbell, M. 2007 In : BMC Health Services Research. 7, p. 116 1 p.

Physiological risk factors, early warning scoring systems and organisational changes Johnstone, C. C., Rattray, J. & Myers, L. 2007 In : Nursing in Critical Care. 12, 5, p. 219-224 6 p.


Rattray J 2016 Keynote presentation: Key research in critical care: implications for nurses and nursing. British Association of Critical Care Nurses, Conference, Glasgow.

Rattray J 2016: The use of critical care diaries: the evidence. British Association of Critical Care Nurses, Conference. Glasgow.

Rattray J 2015 Life after critical care (led symposium). British Association of Critical Care Nurses International Conference London.